Resuscitation Training

Resuscitation Training

Healthcare Resources > Resuscitation Training > Responder Training Framework

Responder Training Framework

The New Zealand Resuscitation Council Responder Framework has distinguished eight types of responder. This is not a prescriptive vocational guide, but rather a tool to help individuals see where they fit as a responderKnowing this will allow you to find training in resuscitation and emergency care to meet your needs.

Since 1 January 2017, CORE 'levels' courses have been replaced by 'CORE Immediate' and 'CORE Advanced'. 



People who may be represented

Suggested skills and knowledge

NZ Resus Council training


Untrained responder


Can send for help and respond under guidance


Adults and children with no training in resuscitation

Recognise unresponsiveness and absence of breathing

Know to call 111

Recognise emergency signage

Follow instructions to do CPR and use an AED

We do not offer training to first aiders 


Basic trained responder


Can initiate basic resuscitation and provide first aid


Workplace First Aiders, managers or those otherwise accountable for First Aid in the workplace

As above plus:


Simple airway management including choking

First Aid skills

Emergency Care Instructor assessment that uses ANZCOR guidelines


First responder

Has a duty to respond and likely to be involved with the initial delivery of resuscitation

Police officers, fire service, security officers, lifeguards, airline crew, volunteers

As above plus:

Simple airway adjuncts


Bag-mask ventilation

Supplementary oxygen



Health Professional - responder

Holds a formal tertiary qualification in a health-related discipline and is relatively new to their area of practice

May encounter resuscitation events in their occupation or workplace with rapidly-available backup by advanced rescuers

Graduate nurses and midwives

Graduate anaesthetic technicians


Other trained support staff in hospitals and community health


Emergency medical technicians

As above plus:

Recognition of the deteriorating patient


Advanced life support for adults and children

Understand "shockable" and "non-shockable" rhythms

Supraglottal airway adjuncts

Awareness of adrenaline and amiodarone in resuscitation

CORE Immediate - Adult


CORE Immediate - Adult and Child


Health Professional - early management


As above plus:

Is expected to manage resuscitation events until advanced rescuers arrive

Experienced nurses and midwives

Experienced anaesthetic technicians


General practitioners in metropolitan areas

As above plus:

Manual defibrillation

Awareness of Waveform capnography

Awareness of intra-osseous access

CORE Advanced



Professional - advanced responder


As above plus:

Is expected to manage and supervise resuscitation events as an advanced rescuer

Hospital nursing supervisors

Senior nursing staff in units where resuscitations are common or expected (such as Critical Care Unit or Cardiac Intensive Care Unit)

Intensive care paramedics

Anaesthetic technicians on resuscitation teams

As above plus:

Leading teams

Management of peri-arrest conditions

Advanced airway management in teams

Consider and correct (4Hs, 4Ts)

Awareness of prognostication following cardiac arrest

Awareness of post-resuscitation care


Medical provider


As above plus:

Holds a formal qualification in medicine

Registrars and specialists who do not work in emergency medicine, trauma, anaesthesia or intensive care

General practitioners in rural settings

Trainee interns


As above plus:

A more complex understanding of conditions that lead to cardiac arrest, and post-arrest management 


Specialist medical provider


As above plus:

Specialises in providing resuscitation and emergency care


Doctors working in emergency medicine, trauma, anaesthesia, and intensive care

As above plus skills and knowledge that may include:

Advanced airway management

Cardioversion and pacing

Other advanced specialist skills

CORE Advanced

plus extra training not offered by NZ Resuscitation Council